Fire safety tip
If you have to evacuate:
– Determine the exit route from the agency directing the evacuation.
– Evacuate pets if possible.
– Contact a friend or relative and relay your plans.
– Make sure family members are aware of a prearranged meeting place.
– Tune into a local radio station and listen for instructions.
– Place vehicles in the garage, have them pointing out, and roll up windows.
– Close the garage door, but leave it unlocked. If applicable, disconnect the electric garage door opener so that the door can be opened manually.
-Place combustible patio furniture in the house or garage.
– Cover or move firewood stack.
-Shut off propane at the tank or natural gas at the meter.
-Wear only cotton or wool clothes. Proper attire includes long pants, long-sleeved shirt or jacket, boots and canvas hat. Carry gloves, a handkerchief to cover face, water to drink, and goggles.
-Close all exterior vents.
-Prop a ladder against the house but away from the power line so firefighters have easy access to the roof.
– Make sure that all garden hoses are connected to faucets and attach a nozzle set on “spray.”
-Close all exterior doors and windows.
-Close all interior doors.
– Open the fireplace damper, but place the screen over the hearth to prevent sparks and embers from entering the house.
-Leave electricity on.
– Leave a light on in each room.
– Turn on porch light.
– Remove lightweight and/or non-fire resistant curtains and other combustible materials from around windows.
-Turn off HVAC system.
-If available, close fire resistant drapes, shutters, or Venetian blinds. Attach plywood panels to the exterior side of windows and glass doors.
-Turn off all pilot lights.
-Move overstuffed furniture (e.g. couches, easy chairs, etc.) to the center of the room.
– Keep wood shake or shingle roofs moist by spraying water. Do not waste water. Consider placing a lawn sprinkler on the roof if water pressure is adequate. Do not turn on until burning embers begin to fall on the roof.
– Before leaving, check the roof and attic for embers, smoke or fire.
-After the fire passes and you have returned, inspect your house and property for embers and smoke.
– Most importantly, stay calm.
Maintaining defensible space:
– Maintain a defensible space around your home by clearing all flammable vegetation for a minimum of 30 feet around the structures. Clear dead leaves and branches to leave widely spaced ornamental shrubbery and trees.
-Clean all needles and leaves from the roof, eaves and rain gutters.
-Trim tree limbs within 10 feet of your chimney and trim all dead limbs hanging over your house and garage.
-Cover your chimney outlet or flue with a spark-arresting mesh screen.
-Make sure your address is clearly visible for easy identification in an emergency.
-Make sure your home is located near a fire hydrant, or that you have a water storage supply of at least 2,500 gallons for use in an emergency situation.
-Stack woodpiles at least 30 feet from buildings, fences and other combustible materials.
-Clear all vegetation and other flammable materials from beneath your deck.
– Enclose undersides of elevated decks with fire-resistive materials.
* Source: Sierra Front Wildfire Cooperators and the University of Nevada Cooperative Ext.
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