Toree’s Stories: Looking at yellow colors for the fall | SierraSun.com

Toree’s Stories: Looking at yellow colors for the fall

Common Evening Primrose — Oenothera biennis.
Courtesy photos |

If you haven’t yet gotten a copy of the 2015 Lake Tahoe Scenic Calendar, you can do so at several stores around the lake or on my website, acutabovecalendars.com.

Again this year it will be available for personalization, for those who would like to give it as a gift to clients or family members. Printing will be in early November so please let me know if you’d like to participate by mid-October or so.

The month of June features a photo by Jim Markle (the calendar showcases the work of local photographers) — a photo of the lupines in bloom near Tahoe City, with the lake in the background. The photo caught my eye because purple flowers are my very favorite and it’s a sea of purple.

My second favorite color for flowers is yellow. Yellow symbolizes sunshine, happiness and light. Many of the wildflowers have already turned their energy toward seed production but not all.

And there may be some still in bloom in the higher elevations on some of the area’s many hiking trails but I don’t know for sure because I haven’t yet had time for a hike!

I’m not an expert on flower identification but I’ll do my best here. It’s important to have a wildflower field guide handy. I have several but two I refer to all the time are “Tahoe Wildflowers: A Month-by-Month Guide” and “Sierra Nevada Wildflowers” — both are Falcon Guides. Visit saveourplanetearth.com, find this column and click on links to buy them on Amazon.

A tall, thin plant, appearing as a spike on the landscape is the woolly mullein. This is a non-native species found in disturbed areas, along roadways and streams. To appreciate its beauty, you’ll need to get close to view the five-petal flowers that pop open along the top of its stem.

This is a biennial plant. The first year it produces a rosette of large, woolly leaves. The second year the leaves are less abundant and it sends up a single, unbranched stem, 6 or 7 feet tall. Flowering begins at the bottom of the stem with flowers opening irregularly along it for about three months, until the top of the stem is blooming. Each flower is only open for one day, basking in full sun.

The mullein is used as a remedy for skin, throat and breathing ailments and as an astringent. If making tea from the leaves, it’s important to finely filter it, to eliminate the irritating hairs.

Another plant whose flower is only open for a day is the evening primrose. There are several specimens of what I believe to be the common evening primrose along the path I take nearly every day with the percents.

Also a biennial, the pale yellow flowers on this plant open very quickly in the evening and last until about noon the next day.

The blooms are one to two-inch, bi-lobed petals, opening to reveal wispy stamens. The interior of this stunning flower contains a nectar guide pattern that attracts pollinators but is only visible to us mere humans under ultraviolet light.

Several Native American tribes used this plant for food. The roots can be boiled, the leaves cooked and served as greens or steeped as tea.

The primrose is cultivated for its oil which contains essential fatty acids (meaning the body cannot synthesize it from other food sources).

If you’re an avid wildflower seeker, do not despair. The woolly mullein is winding down but the evening primrose is still putting on a show and another September bloomer that is just now bursting into its glory is the rabbitbrush.

This sometimes large dense shrub can be used as cover for small animals and is a member of the sunflower family.

The flower heads are clustered atop grayish-green stems with long, linear leaves occurring regularly along the stem. Find it in open areas in full sun. The flower heads can be used to produce dyes.

Probably the best way to see fall flowers is on a hike, September and October being an excellent time to do so, given the cooler days. Even though most of the wildflower’s blooms are spent, they are still interesting. Teach yourself to look for the drying flowers and remember that the plant is still working, producing seed or gathering food from the sun to sustain it over the winter.

Toree Warfield is an avid nature lover, and writes this column to teach and stimulate interest in the marvels that surround us. See the new website: saveourplanetearth.com to read columns and to find links to bird song recordings, additional photos and other content.